Education: When survivors learn to recognize what upsets them, they are in a better position to cope with PTSD. Understanding that PTSD is common and knowing that many others are going through the same thing shows survivors that they are not alone or weak.
Talk to someone: With support from others, survivors may feel less alone and more understood. They may receive concrete help for a particular problem. Survivors must carefully choose the people who will support them and clearly ask for what they need. A support group may lessen the feeling of isolation and reinforcement, but it might be better to talk to your doctor about your trauma and PTSD. Doctors will be better able to care for your physical health and might refer you to specialized help.
Practice relaxation methods: Practicing daily breathing exercises, stretching, yoga, meditation, swimming, jogging, spending time outdoors, or listening to quiet music can help reduce negative thoughts, feelings, and/or perceptions. At first, trying to relax might initially increase distress by focusing on disturbing sensations or reducing contact from external forces, but continuing with relaxation techniques in a way that is tolerable should help reduce negative coping actions.
Increase positive distracting activities
Positive work and recreational activities help to distract a person from their memories. While it’s not a long-term solution, it is effective as a first step or short-term remedy.
Contact a counselor: If PTSD symptoms start to worsen, and coping docsill seem to help, it is important to contact a counselor. A counselor will help with the coping process and, if necessary, refer you to a doctor for prescription medication (which can help with sleep, decrease anxiety, depression, anger, irritability, and urges to drink or take drugs).